[68] Damages along the Colorado River amounted to about $80 million ($182 million in 2012 dollars). This resulted in one of the worst natural disasters for Virginia in its 400 years of history. Approximately 100 people were killed. [40], The storm affected the Central Sierra and South Bay areas. Mail service after the flood was conducted by the U.S. Coast Guard. Bridge were the only two highway bridges still operating. [77], A slow-moving storm system moved from the central Plains into the Great Lakes. The Eel River on the North Coast saw the greatest flow of record to that time, while Central Valley rivers saw near-record flows. A total of 33 people died during the event, with 18 from Pennsylvania and 9 from New York. [43], A stationary front across the region drawing moisture from Hurricane Lili led to extreme rains across New England. Rainfall amounts by September 10 were 200–330 mm (7.9–13.0 in) over a two-day period. On September 9 and 10, 1921, the remnants of a hurricane moved over Williamson County. Americus, Georgia saw the heaviest rain in a 24-hour period, when 536 mm (21.1 in) was recorded. The Great Salt Lake in succeeding years reached a record high water level, flooding Saltair and other areas and causing traffic problems on I-80. On the east bank of the river, numerous factories went underwater. [5] In the San Joaquin River basin, dozens of levees failed throughout the river system and produced widespread flooding. Although Los Angeles County experienced damage, Riverside and Orange counties bore the brunt of the flooding. Colorado Remembers Big Thompson Canyon Flash Flood of 1976. It was the worst flood event for the Mid-Atlantic states as a whole since 1985. It is said to be one of the worst disasters recorded here. This flood occurred after major reservoirs were built on these basins.[39]. There was one casualty. The Francis Gate saved the downtown area, but other sections of the city were not so lucky. All Rights Reserved. Millions of acres across seven states were flooded. This water route was much faster and less expensive than taking goods by wagon over the Appalachian Mountains. The two rain events led to 75–150 mm (3.0–5.9 in) of rain falling across northern Michigan over this three-week period. The Kalamazoo River flooded Albion when the Homer Dam broke around 3 p.m. on March 7. [85] Watersheds in the Sierra Nevada were already saturated by the time three subtropical storms added more than 760 mm (30 in) of rain in late December 1996 and early January 1997. Significant snowpack was in place on January 18. Afterwards, flood walls were erected around the city to 3 feet (0.91 m) above the highest level of the '37 flood. Factories and mills in Lawrence, Haverhill, and Lowell, Massachusetts were severely impaired during the event. ", Flood of 1937 – Flood of 1997 – The Enquirer, "Significant Weather Events of the 1900s", "Major and Catastrophic Storms and Floods in Texas", "Mississippi floods – Archive Collection – TIME", "New England Remembers November 1927 Flood", Environmental History of the Androscoggin River, Maine and New Hampshire, Ohio River flood of 1937 – Ohio History Central – A product of the Ohio Historical Society, SEMP: Evidence-based disaster management: preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation, http://www.wdaftv4.com/almanac/wafloods.html, Connecticut River Basin, Westfield Local Protection, Westfield River Westfield, Massachusetts, Feasibility Report For Water Resources Development, http://zebu.uoregon.edu/1996/es202/flood.html, "Oregon's Top 10 Weather Events of 1900s", http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Goldenrod_1938.pdf, "Colorado's flood history led to changes", http://www.assessment.ucar.edu/flood/flood_summaries/06_14_1965.html, Inventory of Debris Flows and Floods in the Lovingston and Horseshoe Mountain, VA, 7.5' Quadrangles, from the August 19/20, 1969, Storm in Nelson County, Virginia. [27]. Damage approached US$750 million (1998 dollars). This was the flood of record along many of the streams and rivers that feed the Mississippi and Missouri rivers. It helped spur reservoir construction on these rivers in the 1950s and 1960s.[39]. Releases from Hoover Dam reached a record high of 48,000 cubic feet per second (1,400 m3/s) (much higher than the maximum allowed flood release of 28,000 cubic feet per second (790 m3/s)), which damaged levees and riverside property along the Lower Colorado River Valley, resulting in seven deaths. Thrall rainfall was 23.4 inches (590 mm) during 6 hours, 31.8 inches (810 mm) during 12 hours, and 36.4 inches (920 mm) during 18 hours. It was the region's worst flood since New Year's Day of 1934. This flooding prompted flood control measures to be built along the Willamette River. Aftermath of the 1997 Flood: Summary of a Workshop, http://www.nws.noaa.gov/oh/Dis_Svy/OhioR_Mar97/Ohio.pdf, The Flood of the Century – 1997 Red River Flood at Grand Forks, ND, http://ulysses.atmos.colostate.edu/~odie/rain.html, Historical Flooding: City of Fort Collins, http://www.fcgov.com/utilities/what-we-do/stormwater/flooding, CoCoRaHS – Community Collaborative Rain, Hail & Snow Network, Flood of 1998 – Timeline of the Brazos river basin, http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/assessments/pdfs/txflood.pdf, Floods in the Guadalupe and San Antonio River Basins in Texas, https://www.usatoday.com/weather/huricane/1999/atlantic/wfnj.htm, http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/assessments/pdfs/floyd.pdf, Environmental History of Androscoggin River, Historic Flooding in Fort Collins, Colorado, Names of Persons Killed by Big Thompson Flood, NWS Service Assessments of Significant Weather Events, Panoramic Photographs from the Library of Congress, Upper Texas Coast Tropical Cyclones in the 2000s, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Floods_in_the_United_States:_1901–2000&oldid=968822041#Ohio_River_flood_of_1945, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 July 2020, at 18:37. [86] Massive landslides in the Eldorado National Forest east of Sacramento closed U.S. Route 50. Overflowed by a lot. Despite the arrival of railroads, improved highways, and air travel, the Ohio River continues to serve as a major artery for transporting bulk items such as coal and grain. Downtown Salem was submerged under 3 metres (9.8 ft) of flood waters during the event. The break at Mounds Landing near Greenville, Mississippi, was the single greatest crevasse to ever occur along the Mississippi River. The Ohio River rose to 30 feet above flood stage. Weak areas of the levee were reinforced with the help of hundreds of workers sandbagging. [18] Another estimate, was that fifty lives were lost in San Diego County. It was the third highest flood on record in these areas. The Kalamazoo, Grand, Saginaw, St. Clair, Clinton, and River Rouge river basins were impacted by this inundation, which was generally considered a once in 50 year event. On the night of August 19 into August 20, the remains of Camille stalled due to high pressure in central Virginia. A big snowmelt in the Rocky Mountains led to record flooding on the Colorado River in 1983 (and again in 1984). The US Coast Guard sent Goldenrod to Niota, Illinois due to flooding and cresting of levees. Then, a heavy rain event occurred along a frontal zone moving in from the west, which led to 25–27 mm (0.98–1.06 in) of rainfall between January 18 and January 19. January 1937 remains as the wettest month ever recorded in Cincinnati. [5], The storm of December 1937 was a high elevation event in the northeast corner of the state. Heavy rainfall, with amounts of nearly 381 mm (15.0 in) near Keystone, mainly between 6 pm and midnight. The floods also put the Ohio and Erie Canal out of business for good, destroying most of the locks and many miles of embankments. At Cincinnati, the flood peaked twice within three months, first on January 14. The death toll from the event was 33, with 21 lives lost in Kentucky and 5 lost in Ohio. Flood Stages at Cincinnati: 1873 to 1893: 45 feet 1899 to Mar 31, 1922: 50 feet Apr 1, 1922 to Present: 52 feet. However, the storm waters fell almost perfectly into the Guadalupe River watershed just below the Canyon Dam. Early that morning, after the Armourdale district had been evacuated, a 6 km (3.7 mi) long wave of water began to cascade over the levee and inundated the district with 4.5 to 9 m (15 to 30 ft) of water. Near-record flooding was recorded in Ohio, mainly along Brush Creek and the Scioto and Great Miami rivers. [5] System breaks in the Sacramento River basin included disastrous levee breaks in the Olivehurst and Linda area on the Feather River. [36], This tropical cyclone made landfall in the Florida Panhandle before stalling south of Atlanta, Georgia. It received its English name from the Iroquois word, "O-Y-O," meaning "the great river". In fact, it was the worst natural disaster in American history in the 20th Century. About 10,000 people were temporarily left homeless. Both Bell and Owen talk about how the community came together to clean up and rebuild. Heavy spring rains caused a second major flood in the same region that June. Lowell had a second, lesser flood in 1938. [85] With these warm weather storms generally comes large amounts of snow melt. Napa, north of San Francisco, recorded their worst flood to this time[76] while nearby Calistoga recorded 736 mm (29.0 in) of rain in 10 days, creating a once-in-a-thousand-year rainfall event. From May to September 1992 in Alaska a combination of ice jams, snow melt, and heavy rains caused the worst flooding in this area. The death toll was low, with 6–12 perishing during the inundation. Library of Congress American Memory Project. It received its English name from the Iroquois word, "O-Y-O," meaning "the great river". [32] Damages from the flood totaled US$40 million (in 1927 dollars). flooding also occurred along Alum Creek on the city's east side. Fourteen people drowned and 975 persons were injured. [85] Sacramento was spared, though levee failures flooded Olivehurst, Arboga, Wilton, Manteca, and Modesto. The Ohio and Susquehanna rivers experienced their highest river crests since Hurricane Agnes and Hurricane Eloise. Five towns – Clifton, Duncan, Winkelman, Hayden, and Marana – were almost completely flooded. In Arizona, the highest rainfall total was 12.0 in (300 mm) at Mount Graham. [7][8], The storm extended from Fort Ross on the coast to the Feather River basin. Wayne County was one of the worst-affected areas. A total of 78 people from Austin and 2 from Costello perished during the inundation. Another tropical storm passed over Charleston, South Carolina, during the morning of July 14, 1916, and passed to the northwest. The result of this flood was the flood Control Act of 1936, which authorized the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to build a series of concrete sewers. The high waters moved downstream to Topeka, forcing 20,000 persons to evacuate, then on to Lawrence, causing their worst flood up to that time. It ends approximately 900 miles downstream at Cairo, Illinois, where it flows into the Mississippi River. On February 11, a vigorous low pressure system drifted east out of the Pacific, creating a pineapple express[74] that lasted through February 24 unleashing unprecedented amounts of rain on northern California and western Nevada. [5] Three hundred square miles were flooded, including the Yosemite Valley, which flooded for the first time since 1861–62.[5]. Over 700 homes were destroyed in Clifton. The Salinas River exceeded its previous measured record crest by more than 1.3 m (4.3 ft), which was within 30–60 cm (0.98–1.97 ft) of the reputed crest of the legendary 1862 flood. [5], Heavy rains filling the Bayless reservoir cracked the concrete dam, sending an estimated 450,000,000 gallons downstream destroying most of the boroughs of Austin and Costello.

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