See contrast material. A material used to block off blood flow through a vessel. And best of all it's ad free, so sign up now and start using at home or in the classroom. The pancreas also secretes hormones, most importantly insulin, into the blood to regulate metabolism of the body. A treatment that involves natural or laboratory-made substances designed to boost, direct or restore the body's natural defenses against cancer. menstruation blood thinning agents See blood coagulation. For more information please refer to the Brachytherapy page. Relating to the uterus. A condition in which the heart cannot adequately pump blood forward, leading to a back-up of blood in vessels and an accumulation of fluid in body tissues including the lungs. An enlarged thyroid gland, usually evident as a pronounced swelling in the neck. One of the two bean-shaped organs that excrete urine; typically about 11 cm long, 5 cm wide, 3 cm thick, and located on either side of the backbone. The suction of fluid from the amniotic sac through the use of a needle inserted through the abdomen. Drugs that interfere with the growth of blood vessels in the tumor, thus starving the tumor of the nutrients and oxygen it needs to grow. tuberculosis Rituximab® focal seizure A condition in which bowel movements are infrequent or incomplete. trocar An abnormal rhythm of the heart. radiotherapy proctocolectomy neoplasm dura mater An artificial blood vessel connection used to facilitate kidney dialysis. A chemical released by the pancreas. gastroesophageal junction radiodense markers Impenetrable by x-rays or any other form of radiation. The tube that carries urine from each kidney to empty into the bladder. phlebectomy For x-ray pancreatography, the examination requires direct injection of contrast material into the pancreatic ducts. inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) Patient is able to breathe independently during a surgical or medical procedure. See the Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE) page for more information. mediastinum The center part of intervertebral discs, sponge-like cushions between the vertebrae, or bones, of the spine. angiostatic therapy colonoscopy A non-metallic element found in table salt, seawater and in plants and animals that grow in the sea. See the Osteoporosis page for additional information. anterior fibromuscular stroma pancreatitis Early machines yielded digital images with at least 100 times the clarity of normal x-rays. A naturally occurring metal that is used in barium sulfate, a contrast material. technetium-99m contrast material Establishment of procedures to carry out effective radiation therapy with minimal risk to healthy tissue. For details see the MR Angiography page. An infection that causes inflammation in one or both of the lungs; may be caused by a virus, bacteria, fungi or other germs. They are present in much higher levels in men and govern the growth and development of the male reproductive system. sheath A thick white fluid, made and stored in male testicles, that carries sperm out of the body through the penis during ejaculation. See the Cryotherapy page for more information. The decrease in the amount of any radioactive material with the passage of time due to the spontaneous emission of radiation from an atomic nucleus. May be intracranial (in the skull) or in the spine. posteroanterior view bronchoscope Any internally administered substance that has a different opacity from soft tissue on radiography or computed tomography. raster The image, record, or data obtained by scanning, usually identified by the technology or device employed; e.g.. Abbreviated form of scintiscan (scintigram), usually identified by the organ or structure examined; e.g., brain scan, bone scan. Also known as tonic–clonic seizure. hormone hemorrhagic stroke multiple sclerosis It secretes the bile and is also of great importance in both carbohydrate and protein metabolism. post-embolization syndrome CT enterography is a special type of computed tomography (CT) imaging performed with contrast material to produce images of the small intestine. infusion 27, atomic wt. A rare hereditary condition that increases a person’s risk of a wide range of tumors, including breast cancer and sarcomas of soft tissue. The process of removing all indentifiers or codes that directly or indirectly link a sample or data to a specific identifiable person. vagus nerve stimulator For additional information see the Anemia page. The majority of colorectal cancers develop from adenomas. A ballooning out of the wall of an artery inside the brain; it may lead the vessel to rupture and bleed heavily. magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) A surgically created connection between an artery and vein in the arm of patients who need to undergo hemodialysis, a process in which blood is removed from the body, cleansed and then returned to the body. See the External Beam Therapy page for additional information. A sudden, uncontrollable wave of electrical activity in the brain that causes involuntary bodily movement, a change in attention or a loss of consciousness. renal artery As used in the brachytherapy treatment of cancer, a radioactive material is sealed inside a seed or pellet and placed inside the body, in or near a tumor. hiatal hernia particle beam radiation therapy A pulse of ultrasonic energy used to heat up and destroy diseased tissue. permanent brachytherapy Painful inflammation (swelling) of the veins. An inflammation (swelling) of the prostate gland. One of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa (sperm) and male hormones (testosterone). interventional radiology One of two nerves that run on opposite sides of the body from the brainstem through the neck and chest to the abdomen. A surgical procedure used to diagnose cervical cancer that involves removal of a cone-shaped wedge of tissue from the cervix. great saphenous vein Radiation therapists work with radiation oncologists. Radiation comes to us from many sources both natural and man-made. A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and conditions related to the brain and nervous system. Radiant energy from waves or subatomic particles. non-Hodgkin lymphoma The cavity within the vertebral column through which the spinal cord passes. hepatic vein sciatica cysts hypothyroidism The center of the cylindrical shaped magnet (often referred to as a doughnut) within an magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner. temporomandibular joint disorder pylorus vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) calcium score A small amount of healthy tissue surrounding a tumor that may be surgically removed with diseased tissue. abdominoperineal resection stereotactic biopsy Causing scarring. polycythemia Radiologic study of the kidney, ureters, and usually the bladder, performed with the aid of a contrast material either injected intravenously, or directly from below via the urethra, or from above through the kidney (either via a direct puncture or through a previously placed catheter). A surgical procedure to remove the rectum and part or the entire colon. Nurses work with the radiation team to care for patients during the course of treatment. reproductive Sclerosing damages the inner lining of a vessel and causes blood clots (a thickened mass of blood) to form, thus preventing blood flow through the vessel. barium (Ba) laceration Color Doppler uses a computer to convert the Doppler measurements into an array of colors. Also known as the throat, the passageway that extends from immediately behind the mouth and nasal cavity to the esophagus and stomach. A nuclear imaging examination that produces pictures of bones to help detect abnormalities caused by disease or injury. rectal prolapse See gamma radiation. claudication An acute inflammation of the brain caused by a viral infection. A tubular instrument to allow passage of fluid from or into a body cavity. An abnormal enlargement of a vein in the scrotum draining the testicles. nucleus A tumor of the bone marrow. Thick deposits of proteins in the brain considered one of the hallmarks of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Veins that carry blood from throughout the body to the heart rely on a series of valves that work like gates to prevent blood from flowing backwards. antiplatelet drug Skin changes at the site of ionizing radiation, particularly redness of the skin due to capillary dilatation in the acute stage, temporary or permanent loss of hair, and chronic changes in the epidermis and dermis resembling a premalignant wart-like lesion. An endoscope, an illuminated optical instrument, is inserted through the mouth and threaded through the esophagus to the small intestine to allow the bile duct, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas to be examined. Surgical removal of part or all of an organ or an area of diseased tissue. An inflammation (swelling) of the appendix, usually caused by a blockage at the opening of the appendix and a subsequent infection. A condition in which sensitivity to gluten (a protein found in wheat, barley and rye) may cause pain, diarrhea, inflammation and damage to the small intestine, and inability to absorb certain vitamins. A drug that lowers an elevated level of uric acid in the blood caused by some cancer treatments. Relating to the stomach and intestines. Cancer of the blood cells that starts in the bone marrow, the soft tissue inside most bones. Alpha-1 antitrypsin (A1AT) audit lymph A tumor of the retina, occurring in children. A medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of genitourinary tract diseases. total nodal irradiation cecum firewall gadolinium lateral view Scrabble; Words … Levels of sedation in which the patient receives a drug to relax but remains responsive to verbal questions and painful stimulation. A hand-held device that sends and receives ultrasound signals.

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